General description 

  • Bruising of the carcase is caused by external blunt trauma and results in bleeding and muscle discolouration.  
  • Depending on the severity of bruising, entire areas could be trimmedreducing carcase weight 
  • Bruising is a condition of animal welfare importance.  


  • Bruising may be caused by dog bites, lifting sheep by their wool, trauma during shearing or crutching, poor handling and yard designs, and injury during transport.  

Clinical signs 

  • Muscle bleeding and discolouration 


  • At processing the visual appearance of the lesion, without a visible open wound 


  • Although bruises heal and disappear over time, they are not seen in the live animal, so there is no treatment for bruising.  


  • Proper yard design, handling stock calmly, minimising the use of dogs, appropriate transport loading, and consigning at least 2 weeks after shearing or other husbandry procedures. 

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