Rib Fractures

General description 

  • Rib fractures can be caused by increased bone fragility from nutritional deficiencies. 
  • Some broken ribs are caused by birth difficulties, excessive force during handling and/or incorrect equipment 
  • On farm production losses due to rib fractures include slow maturation, ill thrift, infertility and weight loss.  
  • Fractured ribs generally heal by themselves, causing thickening or deformation at the site of the break. 
  • At the abattoir, the fractured sections of rib cage are trimmed, reducing carcase/dressed weights. 

Cause 

  • Deficiencies e.g. in vitamin D, calcium or phosphorus, causing weak bones to break 
  • Commonly in fast growing lambs on lush pastures. 
  • Deficiencies can be primary (dietary deficiencies) e.g. cereal and grass hays are deficient in calcium, or secondary, e.g. lush green feed contains anti-vitamin D substances or high grain diets. 
  • Ribs can also be broken by rough handling, e.g. lambs at birth or marking. 

Clinical signs 

  • Many animals show no obvious signs however some may have difficulty breathing, ill thrift, anorexia, infertility and lameness.  

Diagnosis  

  • The appearance of broken or deformed ribs at slaughter. 
  • A veterinarian can diagnose rib fractures based on examination and blood analysis (for mineral imbalances) 

Treatment 

  • Provide trace mineral mix or other oral or injectable supplement for the specific deficiency.  
  • Adding hay to the diet if animals are grazing rapidly growing lush winter pasture or cereal crops.  
  • Care must be taken to prevent supplement toxicity by overdosing.  

Prevention 

  • Feed livestock complete and balanced ration.  
  • Undertake soil and pasture tests at laboratories to determine the need for adjustments in management or for supplements.  
  • Careful stock handling, e.g. ensure pneumatic settings are appropriate for stock and draft lambs into correct group size if needing to adjust the setting.  

Learn more 

Rib Fractures Factsheet